The DNA paternity test is recognized in all the world. Every living being ha a specific code in his own DNA. This code defines ” genetic fingerprint” that differentiates us from every other being, making us unique. This feature is the main one to determine if 2 persons can be genetically related. The DNA anlysis, called A fingerprint, is based on the determination of the lenght of a series of DNA fragments, that have a ripetitive sequence of nucleobases. This test compares the genetic characteristics of the son, inherited 50% by the father and 50% by the mother. Performing a statistical analysis of the results, authorship will be given if the gene maps agree with a percentage of 99.999%. Otherwise the authorship will be excluded. To have legal value it is necessary the presence of somebody that verify the source of the samples, this is done by compiling a form. In case of minors it is necessary an authorization by the exercising the parental authority or by the legal tutors.
If the test is done just for private use it is possible to do just the informative test. If this is the case, it is possbile to enquiry us for the kit ” do-it-yourself”, so it will be possible to do the test by yourself .
There are different biological materials that can be used for the test:
- buccal swab
- hair fitted bulb
- cells originating from different tissues
The methods used to take the samples is not invasive at all, it allows to analyze the infants, taking a sample of umbilical blood and the fetus also, by taking fetal cells.
Main application fiels in genetics and molecular biology:
- Analysis of polymorphisms of chromosome x (X-STR)
- Chromosome haplotypey (Y-STR)
- Forensic DNA analysis for purposes
- Mitochondrial DNAe (mt-DNA)
- Mitochondrial DNA sequence analysis
- Nuclear DNA for personal identification (15-markers)
- Consanguinity test
- DNA analysis of any type of biological trace
A Highly specialized laboratory is capable to analyze the DNA contained in the sperm or in the semen, even if it is taken from the vagina, and it is present in small quantities. In some crimes such as murder, it is possible to compare the genetic fingerprint of the suspect with the traces of the biological material found in the plase where the crime took place. The reliability of the modern techniques make it possible the tests to be decisive during and investigation.
The company offers the possibility to make a series of analysis that are part of the analysis that can be performed during the prenatally. These can be made on AMS offre la possibilità di eseguire una consistente gamma di analisi che fanno parte delle diagnosi effettuabili nel periodo prenatale che si fanno sui chorionic villi, amniotic fluid and cord blood. Thanks to these exams, the coupe has information that can be decisive since the firsts weeks of the growht of the fetus. It is possible, so to take in consideration the appropriate treatments to guarantee the health of the mum and the kid. The traditional prenatal diagnosis are available making a cytogenetic analysis and search for chromosomal anomalies, called aneuploidy. These are variations of the number of the chromosomes respect to the what normally characterizes the cells of an individual of the same species. These variations would be, otherwise, recognizable just when the kid is born.
These variations are:
Trisomy of chromosome 21, called Down syndrome
Borne of chromosome aneuploidy 18,13,X e Y.
The result is obtained by determining the fetal karyotype through cell culturs in 15 days, or making a specific exam called Molecular Cytogenetics, capable of giving a result in 24/48 hours. This technique has been replaced by a fully automated diagnostic process called QF-PCR, which is done on samples of amniotic fluid. More tests can be done by using the DNA. This exam is focused in finding specifics genetic mutations associated to genetic diseases of major gravity. Pregnant patients have the ability to undergo to a genetic screening that are focused on the presence of serious illnesses:
- Cystic fibrosis
- Fragile X syndrome (mental delay)
- Beta Thalassemia
- Congenital Deafness
- Muscular dystrophy (Duchenne-Becker)
- Myotonic Dystrophy
It is a practice monitoring the pregnancy, to search for infectious agents such as:
- Herpes simplex
- Chickenpox Zooster
- Rubeovirus (Rosolia)
- Toxoplasma gondii
The primary element for life on earth is water. The damage that many contaminants are causing to health is scientifically proven and it is for this that the best equipped laboratories face a daily battle to find new technologies that can highlight contaminants at lower and lower levels. AMS is equipped with cutting-edge tools and techniques that can analyze a water sample, highlighting the quality of the amount of these contaminants By monitoring the levels of the same it is possible to see if they are within the limits imposed by law.
Main contaminants :
- Brominated Flames Retardants
- Floorinated Surfactans
- Fluorinated Polymer Additives
- Pharmaceutical Products
- Products for personal hygiene
- Toxins from algae
- Perfluorinated organic acids
From the genetic point of view, the possibility to check whether an embryo is normal or not before being transferred to the uterus is an essential concept for the prevention of diseases couples that results to be genetically predisposed to the disease transmission. Preimplantation diagnosis is proposed as a cutting-edge technique, which aims to identify the presence of genetic diseases in the embryo created in vitro, prior to implantation in the uterus. With this technique you have the option of not having to resort to therapeutic abortion. In the moment in which a couple has intention to carry out a PGD, is subjected to the procedure of in vitro fertilization, the purpose of which is to obtain a high number of embryos that after three days can be manipulated. It is necessary to obtain a high number of embryos to have a higher probability of identifying at least one or two embryo that are healthy, that means they are free from specific pathology sought with the genetic investigation. Following to this it is possible to proceed with the implantation in the uterus. This technique is also useful for those couples that are sterile due to chromosomal abnormalities.
The laboratory has the ability to provide attribution of paternity or maternity for horses, cattle and canines. This allocation is extremely important to gain the confidence of the origin of the animal in question from a particular family tree, with the resulting genetic heritage, that, in , in economic terms, often makes extremely expensive to buy the animal himself. the certainty of the certified pedigree, is, furthermore, essential for exhibitions and and beauty contests.
It deals with diseases, differentiating from the Si occupa della prevenzione delle malattie, differenziandosi dalla diagnosticand healing medicine, since it goes further the evenet of diseas. It deals with the possible La medicina preventiva si interessa soprattutto dei possibili preventive actions in various conditions that may be causing or disease risk,.
Some examples of prior research of diseases can be:
The compositoin of food is partially or totally changed by replacing some elements with lower quality sobstances, or by adding chemical substances (Additives), not allowed by the law. The product is then suitably treated (Forgery) to make it more attractive or similar to other valuable products and, consequently, more expensive. AMS is able to veirfy , in short time and with accuracy, if the substance has been altered. The company is also able to carry out the necessary quality controls, with qualitative and quantitative determinations, indispensable for placing a product on the market.
The analysis of inbreeding has the same principle as DNA testing.Through this survey, you can check if there is a family relationship between two or more people.